In February 2017, the United Nations General Assembly decided to establish December 12 as the International Day of Neutrality proposed by Turkmenistan, recognized by the United Nations as a permanently neutral state since December 1995.

Neutrality, defined as the legal situation derived from the abstention of a State from any participation in a war between States, the maintenance of an attitude of impartiality towards the belligerents and the recognition by the belligerents of this abstention and impartiality, is extremely important for the United Nations to gain and maintain the trust and cooperation of all to operate independently and effectively, especially in politically charged situations.

The policy of neutrality contributes to strengthening global peace and security and plays an important role in forging peaceful, friendly and mutually beneficial relations between the countries of the world.